What is Acne?

Acne is a common skin disorder that affects approximately 80% of teenagers and young adults. However, acne can also affect people into their 30s and 40s, and is even seen in a number of women during menopause. Acne affects areas of the skin with a high density of sebaceous glands, including the face, upper chest and upper back. There are different types of acne sores, including comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), pustules, papules, nodules and cysts.

Acne is characterized by pimples and oily, red blemishes on the skin of the face, and also the chest and back. Pimples occur when the hair follicle becomes blocked with excess sebum and dead skin cells. Inflammatory acne occurs when the body has an inflammatory reaction to the Propioni bacteria trapped in the follicle. This causes a red and painful infection, due to the flow of white blood cells to the sebaceous gland.

Acne is the result of blockages to the hair follicles. While it was once believed that diet was the major cause of acne, it is now understood that hormones play the primary role. During puberty, an increase in male sex hormones called androgens is a major cause of acne, while other hormones have been implicated, including testosterone.
Acne can occur in older people, as a result of hormonal changes such as pregnancy or menopause, although severe acne at these stages of life is rare.
Genetics clearly play a role, and acne is often seen among family members.
Extreme stress can affect the body’s hormonal balance, which in turn can influence the occurrence of acne.

There are numerous treatments available on the market to treat acne, both medicinal and cosmetic. The best treatment for the individual case may depend on the severity of the condition. For the majority of acne sufferers, the condition is mild. This can usually be treated with OTC (over-the-counter) medications.

See Also:

Full Acne product line

AC Medis Spot Treatment - excellent  for acne treatment on spot

AC Medis Cleansing Gel - for daily use on oily facial skin

AC Medis Face Cream - treats oily and red facial skin contains natural remedies for acne treatment   

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